On going projects

Community Action Research Programme Plus (CARP+) - On going Projects

Enhancing Access to High Quality Seed Potato for Improved Productivity and Income of Smallholder Farmers in Nakuru County (HQSPIPI)

Project Summary
The project seeks to transform the potato value chain within Nakuru County into a vibrant commercialized sub-sector for improved  income  and  livelihoods  of  smallholder  farmers.  It  seek  to  strengthen  approximately  6000  smallholder  farmers  in  Nakuru County, Kenya, through the facilitaton of potato value chain (PVC) platforms, as well as build research and skills capacity for students and support incubation of (2) business ideas along the PVC. This is in line with the global blueprint on Sustainable Development Goals that aim at zero poverty and no hunger. This project brings in Baraka Agricultural College as a partner who has experiental learning in all her undertakings, through their outreach programs to farmers.  The proposed work aims at improving incomes of smallholder farmers and potato value chain actors in Nakuru County through inclusive action research by Egerton, Baraka, agribusinesses, regulator, and the Ministry of Agriculture. It will pursue a collaborative action  research approach that will encourage active partcipation of undergraduate and graduate students who will be attached at Egerton, Baraka, Agricultural Development Corporaton Molo, National Potato Council of Kenya, AgriProfocus, Nakuru Smallholder Farmers Association and the Min of agriculture..  Read More 


Enhancing Pig Production and Marketing for Smallholder Farmers’ Livelihood Improvement in Northern Uganda (EPMSNU)

Project Summary
Pig production is suited to smallholder production because pig rearing in comparison to other livestock have unique characteristics such as faster growth rates; ability to be kept on a small piece of land; high rate of multiplication; ability to be fed on many different crop and animal products and by-products; and the fact that pig products have ready markets. Despite the enormous advantages and opportunities that pig rearing can offer to smallholder farmers in Uganda, production and productivity are constrained by many factors.  Read More 



Cassava Value Chain Upgrading for secure food, nutrition,income and resilience of smallholder farmers in the ASALs of Nakuru County (CVCU)

Project Summary
Cassava is a drought tolerant food security crop in Kenya, mainly grown for subsistence and limited commerce in western, eastern and coastal regions. Its demand is increasing in non-traditional growing regions like Nakuru County where a cassava agribusiness development initiative has been implemented by the governmentRead More  



Scaling up African baobab food products valuation through enhancement of their safety and value chains for food and nutritional security in Benin

Project Summary
The African Baobab is a strategic indigenous tree species of sub-Sahara Africa. Its pulp is highly nutraceutical and is used as food ingredient and dietary supplement in Africa, EU and America. Locally, the pulp is used for several products. Leaves are also highly nutritious and nutraceutical with increasing demand too. As a result, pulp and leaves are overharvested in the wild, jeopardizing the species natural stands. Domestication of baobab has become urgent and several researches have been carried out to speed this process, though several aspects are still uncovered. With the growing local/global market around baobab products it becomes imperative to structure/upgrade its value chain (VC) which yet has been so far disregarded in national state agenda, in spite of its demonstrated potential to promote pro-poor growth, especially women who are specialized in baobab products related activities. Read More  

Development of sustainable commercial pineapple value chain system for increased yield and income, and improved livelihood of smallholder farmers in Central Region of Ghana

Project Summary
Smallholder pineapple farmers face marketing, production, post-harvest challenges and also lack clean planting materials. Meanwhile, University of Cape Coast in Ghana has the capacity to generate knowledge and advanced technologies to make pineapple farming profitable. The overall goal of this project is to evolve an action research with students, scientists, lecturers, entrepreneurs and smallholder pineapple farmers to develop a sustainable commercial pineapple value chain to increase smallholder pineapple farmers’ yield, income and improve their livelihood. Read More   


Use of tied contour rain water harvesting (TC-RWH) system in small grain and legume production for improved household food security, nutrition and income in semi-arid smallholder farming areas of Zimbabwe

Project Summary
This action augments the many efforts that are on-going in Africa to enhance agricultural research and to improve the capacity of smallholder farmers to adapt to climate change. Considering that many smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe are located in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low, erratic and unreliable. It is therefore imperative to investigate the options to increase water productivity and water use efficiency in rain-fed semi-arid farming system with the aim of improving crop productivity. Climate change has resulted in most smallholder farmers failing to get any meaningful crop yields, being food insecure and in poverty. The situation has been worsened by lack of proper agricultural skills and employment opportunities. To address these challenges, we will promote the use of the tied contour water rain harvesting TC-RWH) system to improve crop production and increase crop yields in semi-arid regions of Buhera and Mwenezi, Zimbabwe. We will carry-out on farm research to determine region specific crop performance and yield data for the various small grains and cereals under TC-RWH, integrated nutrient management and crop intensification. Read More | Visit our   website |  Facebook  |  Twitter   | Youtube Channel 

Making Potato Value Chain Enhance Productivity and Incomes in Uganda

Project Summary
The project focuses on the seed potato value chain, crop-intensification production, value addition, and market linkages to provide appropriate interventions on how best seed potato can be made more available and accessible by farmers, how potato farmers can practice a sustainable crop intensification production that maximises the benefits, and how the value of potato can be improved through processing and marketing for increased benefits to farmers and consumers. The overall objective is to enhance the capacity of potato value chain actors to reduce the challenges that constrain sustainable potato productivity. The project will provide an empirical basis for addressing the existing challenges along the value chain. Reduction in these challenges will enhance productivity and profitability in the potato value chains, which is in line with the Uganda National Agricultural Policy. The project, therefore, targets ware and seed potato producers, potato growers’ associations, processors, researchers, and consumers. Because of its focus and scope, the project team constitutes staff and organisations with multidisciplinary backgrounds including academia and researchers at University, Research and Extension organisations, Community-Based Organisation, a potato processing and business incubator, graduate and undergraduate students, a private sector, and TVET Instructors and students. The project uses methodologies that enable potato value chain actors to actively participate in the research processes. It uses Potato-based Innovation Platforms to establish a community-based system for farmers to participate in production, delivery and use of quality seed potato; Farmer Field Demonstrations to validate a system of potato intensification that optimises farmers’ resources; and will develop and market test potato-based value added products to widen potato market outlets, increase incomes of producers and expand consumer choices. By its design, the project will strengthen the synergies and working relationships of the University, private and community-based organisations, Research Institutions and an Agricultural College (TVET Institution) that trains Mid-level Cadres in Uganda in areas of agriculture, agribusiness and human nutrition. Read More 

Enhancing Agribusiness Rice Clusters and Market Linkages and Incomes in Northern Uganda (EARMINU)

Project Summary
The Community Action Research Program Plus (CARP+), on agribusiness rice clusters and market linkages, aims to intervene in the rice value chain using a two-pronged approach. On the production and supply side, the project promotes Good Agronomic Practices (GAPs) and post-harvest handling technologies through on-farm demonstrations and learning plots to improve the production and productivity of rice in northern Uganda. The second approach seeks to create vibrant producer organizations and market linkages with various actors for enhanced access to rice output and input markets in the value chain. Therefore, a synergistic combination of the two approaches, is envisaged to result into: improvements in production, productivity and market access for smallholder rice farmers, agribusiness cluster formation to stimulate competitive rice value chain performance, and food security and incomes of actors in northern Uganda. This CARP+ further integrates TVETs and Gulu University in the higher education value chain through students’ community outreaches, joint special projects, business plans and entrepreneurship deepening in theory and practice. It is further envisaged that this research will result into diversified product portfolios for human consumption, livestock feeds and energy briquettes. Graded, branded and packaged Rice and broken rice for rice flour and rice noodles will constitute the product portfolio for human consumption. While rice straw will be baled to make hey for animal feeds, and rice husks will be turned into charcoal briquettes to address the challenge of energy for cooking. Therefore, the proposed interventions are foreseen to spur the performance of the rice value chain in northern Uganda to enhance food security and incomes of the direct actors with spill overs and ripple effects to the wider community. Read More

Building Competitiveness for communal farmers through developing the wool value chain in the Free State Province of South Africa

Project Summary
This project will thus be built around the commercialisation of wool production in the communal areas of the Free State Province by developing strategies to be implemented concurrently to attempt to manage or overcome the various challenges faced by these growers. The overall objective is therefore to transform communal wool growers’ production from an underachieving enterprise to a profitable, sustainable, and renewable venture to enhance the livelihoods of communal wool producers. In addition, with the extension of the value chain directly to consumers, job creation and development plays a vital role in supporting the South African National Treasuries’ strategy.

This project is designed to incorporate research and dissemination components. The research component will include the evaluation, testing and further development of certain technologies and social and economic situations. The lecturers, students from the University of the Free State and the interns from the TVET will be working closely with communal wool growers, commercial farmers and private industry.  Although the facilities of the university will be utilized the practical and scientific knowledge of the three TVET staff will primarily assist in training farmers, shearers, classers and interns in areas such as wool classification Read More


Capacity building for micro propagation and certification of cassava planting materials to enhance productivity, incomes and food security and nutrition for small holder farmers in Coastal Kenya.

Project Summary
The capacity building program is intended to enhance the sustainable production and utilization of cassava in coastal Kenya. This cassava programme will go a long way in partly addressing the food and nutrition security and poverty alleviation challenges in these areas. The goal of the project is to increase cassava productivity and reduce the effect of major cassava diseases caused by viruses and bacteria. The capacity building will take place at two levels; infrastructure to set up a micropropagation centre and Business incubation Center at SEMIs in CAVS and human resource development.   A sustainable functional micro-propagation facility and incubation centre in SEMIs will ensure continuous supply of cassava plant materials to the established greenhouses in the villages which in turn will supply farmers with healthy certified cassava planting materials. Read More

Enhancing productivity of vegetables and key livestock value chain, Sudan

Project Summary
The eradication of extreme poverty and hunger is the first Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), as set by 179 United Nations Member States in 2000, while  in the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development goals women’s role and wellbeing have direct implications across several SDGs. Most of them have women at their core, most notably SDG1 (no poverty), SDG2 (no hunger), SDG3 (good health and wellbeing) and SDG15 (life on land).  Emphasizing the importance of income generating activities in contribution to poverty reduction and women empowerment, this project is an attempt to contribute to the fulfilment of the MDGS and SDGs agenda. Read More

Improvement of indigenous coping strategies of famine stricken in Darfur states, Sudan

Project Summary
Famine is occurring in various parts of Africa. North of the equator the whole Sahel region is at risk but actual famine is taking place in Liberia, Sudan and Somalia (Samuel, 2007). There are three main causes: war, failure of rain, a malfunction of traditional agricultural plantings and the use of land in order to export crops instead of food for the country (Chris, 2018). The 1990-1991 famine, as in the period 1984 to 1985, is part of the gradual desertification process, which is a long-term problem of survival in the most affected areas of North Darfur and resulted in a virtually non-existent agricultural production in North Darfur and low in South Darfur, a considerable increase in the price of cereals on the market, the abandonment of "commercial" crops (groundnuts, sesame, etc.), the 30-40% loss of livestock in North Darfur, important water supply problems with the drying up of the hafir, high rates of malnutrition (Catherine,1993). Read More


Enhancing Community Adaptation through Climate Resilient Agriculture: Encroacher bushes value chains initiative in Otjozondjupa Region, Enhancing Community Adaptation through Namibia

Project Summary
With Namibia being the driest country in sub-Saharan Africa, recurrent droughts pose severe challenges to local farmers. Since extensive farming is predominant inNamibia, livestock depends on rangelands for feeding. These feed resources areworsened by bush encroachment. Around 45 million hectares of agricultural land is affected by bush encroachment in Namibia. Although several attempts have been done to address the problem, valuable research that analyses and supports the entirevalue chain with a special focus on communities and sustainable production is still missing. The University of Namibia aims to coagulate the different efforts in thecountry under a scientific umbrella that can reliably create value for the agricultural sector working towards reducing gender inequality and poverty through sustainable production. The CARP+ project will investigate the potential economic and environmental value chains through which the encroacher bushes can be utilised by the smallholder farmers. The research activities ill generate information on the use and economic viability of using different plant fractions of the encroacher bushes into marketable products and by-products. In addition, the project is expected to build capacity among both men and women in rural Namibia and TVET students, inaddition to the training of undergraduate and postgraduate students. Read More  || Profect Outputs

Enhancing Safflower Production and Product Development for Food Security and Improving Incomes of Small-scale Farmers in Botswana

Project Summary
This CARP project aims at undertaking on-farm safflower research with the goal to: 1) mitigate the effects of climate change in a semi-arid country such as Botswana; 2) improve food security, reduce reliance on food imports and improve income levels of farmers in Botswana through the sale of safflower products such as oil, processed petals, cut-flowers, vegetable and cake after oil extraction for livestock feed, hence reduction in poverty and hunger; 3) improve the livestock sub-sector through the availability of  feed (seeds, cake, direct grazing, hay and silage) hence reduction in feed importation, increased farmer income, reduction in poverty and hunger; 4) improve health and well-being of Batswana of all ages through use of safflower oil in cooking, salad dressings, and making baby foods which has plenty of health benefits due to the polyunsaturated and monounsaturated linoleic and oleic fatty acids; 5) promote safflower product development such as cooking oil, biodiesel, cut flowers, animal feed, raw and processed vegetables, herbal teas, pharmaceuticals, etc . Read More

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