Climate Change and Implication on Food and Agriculture in Africa

Climate of any specific location determines the crops that can be grown, the farming system that can be adopted, the sequence and timing of farming operations as well as the livestock systems that are being practised. Most of agricultural productions in Africa are largely rain-dependent, yet the continent has arid or semi-arid climate with drought being common phenomena year after year. Rainfall is therefore the most important climate parameter in such agricultural system. IPCC has reported that climate change is real and Africa is the most vulnerable continent not only due to its low coping capacity and high level of vulnerability but also due to evidences of climate change signal. The need for adaptation in Africa is therefore no option to sustainable agriculture and food security in the future. Key issues addressed in this paper include recent impacts of climate extremes on agriculture and food security in Africa; Tomorrow’s Climate (Climate change) in the years 2030, 2050, 2070, 2100, 2300 and the potential implications on agriculture and food security in Africa; Building resilient climate smart systems for climate proofing food and agriculture in Africa; and Roles of universities and research institutions.
Climat de n’importe quel endroit donné détermine les cultures qui peuvent être cultivées, le système agricole qui peut être adoptée, la séquence et le calendrier des activités agricoles ainsi que les systèmes d’élevage qui sont pratiquées. La plupart des productions agricoles en Afrique sont en grande partie dépendante de la pluie, encore continent a un climat aride ou semi-aride, avec la sécheresse étant des phénomènes année commune après année. La pluie est donc le paramètre climatique le plus important dans le système agricole tels. Le GIEC a déclaré que le changement climatique est réel et l’Afrique est le continent le plus vulnérable, non seulement en raison de sa faible capacité d’adaptation et le niveau élevé de vulnérabilité, mais aussi en raison de preuves de signal de changement climatique. La nécessité d’une adaptation en Afrique est donc pas d’option pour l’agriculture durable et la sécurité alimentaire à l’avenir. Les principales questions abordées dans le présent document comprennent les impacts récents des extrêmes climatiques sur l’agriculture et la sécurité alimentaire en Afrique, le climat de demain (changement climatique) dans les années 2030, 2050, 2070, 2100, 2300 et les répercussions possibles sur l’agriculture et la sécurité alimentaire en Afrique; construire des systèmes intelligents résilientes au changement climatique pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture climate proofing en Afrique, et les rôles des universités et des instituts de recherche.
Extended abstract under Risk and Vulnerability in Agriculture Responding to Climate
Date of publication: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Agris Subject Categories: 
Additional keywords: 
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Printed resource

The 2012 RUFORUM Biennial Conference is the third in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholders in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. The third Biennial Conference was attended by 657 participants. This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme of Risk and Vulnerability in Agriculture Responding to Climate.